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Gentrification in Chicago by tsaeed
September 3, 2008, 1:43 pm
Filed under: Social / Cultural Issue | Tags: , , ,

Gentrification refers to trends in neighborhood development that tend to attract more affluent residents, and in many instances concentrated, upscale commercial investment.

Much of the city’s gentrification has clustered in the North Side neighborhoods of Lincoln Park and Lake View, areas that have retained a large stock of older housing, adjoin Lake Michigan and its parallel chain of municipal parks, and permit short commuting via mass transit to the downtown Loop. In the late 1950s the city of Chicago initiated a major urban renewal project in Lincoln Park, which resulted in considerable housing demolition in the southeastern portion of the neighborhood, especially along North Avenue. Within a few years, however, plans for further clearance met resistance from homeowners and renovators seeking to retain the area’s historic ambience. Old Town was Chicago’s first neighborhood to experience gentrification, as thousands of middle-class house-seekers bought and restored old single-family dwellings, two- and three-flat buildings, and coach houses.

Since the 1970s gentrification has spread to Wicker Park and Logan Square on the city’s near Northwest Side, to River North, the Near West Side, and the South Loop in central Chicago, and to the Gap in the Douglas Community Area on the South Side. Much of the residential upgrading in these areas has been initiated by large-scale developers. In Wicker Park, the Near West Side, and River North, the conversion of industrial buildings to residential and commercial uses has been commonplace. (From the encyclopedia of Chicago: http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/511.html)

Bibliography on the history of gentrification in Chicago

http://www.gapersblock.com/airbags/archives/a_bibliography_of_chicago_gentrification/

The new public housing museum

http://www.publichousingmuseum.org/site/epage/47436_663.htm

Other articles:

Chicago’s Olympic Bid Stokes Gentrification Fears

http://news.newamericamedia.org/news/view_article.html?article_id=080e2f58f378083d7645a6025d6e3db1

Panel: Gentrification challenges public housing residents’ sense of community
http://www.chitowndailynews.org/Chicago_news/Panel_Gentrification_challenges_public_housing_residents_sense_of_community,12093

What went wrong with public housing in Chicago? A history of the Robert Taylor homes.
http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3945/is_200104/ai_n8939181

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CHA Plan for transformation by tsaeed
September 3, 2008, 1:30 pm
Filed under: Social / Cultural Issue | Tags: , , ,

The Plan for Transformation Plan is a blueprint for the comprehensive renewal of public housing in Chicago. More than 25,000 units of housing will be redeveloped or rehabilitated under the Plan, which also ushered in a variety of programs that help lower-income residents blend into the social and economic fabric of the surrounding city. Adopted in February, 2000, the Plan seeks to institute dramatic changes to Chicago’s public housing over a ten-year period.

The creation of mixed-income communities through redevelopment or rehabilitation of existing CHA property is an important component to deconcentrating poverty as ascribed by the Plan. The CHA achieved great results toward fulfilling its promise to provide new public housing units in mixed-income communities during FY2006 by completing more than 62 percent of the units in the seventh year of the plan.

Mixed-Income Redevelopment

In replacing the high-rises, the CHA is rebuilding on the same land. They are creating new mixed-income communities with contemporary town homes and low-rise buildings, where public housing residents will live in the same neighborhood as people who purchase market rate and affordable homes. Generally, these developments will consist of one-third public housing, one-third affordable housing and one-third market rate homes.

Link to CHA’s website

cha